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DGMK-Project Lubricants

Application of the latest cooling lubricants for fibre composites

Duration
2021 to 2023 (24 months)
Research Center
IPA Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation, Simon Kleinhenz
IGB Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology, Christiane Chaumette
IGF Plan
21732 N
Reason and Goal

Whether trains, bicycles, drones, electric cars or airplanes, fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) and combinations of these with steel, titanium or aluminum - so-called stacks or multi-materials - offer enormous market potential in lightweight construction due to their excellent weight-related stiffnesses. The use of water-based cooling lubricants in machining (milling, drilling) promises advantages in terms of cutting speed, tool wear and occupational health and safety (fine dust), but is rarely practiced because of the still unresolved risks such as swelling of the plastics, loss of composite adhesion in stack materials, problems with painting and bonding processes and possible biological contamination. Therefore, the project will investigate which measures in the machining process, care and monitoring, cooling lubricants, cleaning processes and painting and bonding can be used to minimize these risks.

Summary

For this purpose, a benchmark test is being developed with which the machining and tool parameters can be optimized and cleaning, coating and bonding processes can be tested. In parallel, methods for monitoring the cooling lubricant and filtration are being investigated and measures against biological infestation and for quality assurance are being derived. At the end of the project, databases on material combinations and a guide for the complete machining process chain, including the pre- and post-treatment of components, will be available.

Status

The grant notification from the BMWi has been received. The project was started on 01.04.2021.

The project is being carried out in cooperation with the research associations Composites United Leichtbau-Forschung gGmbH and Forschungsgesellschaft für Pigmente und Lacke e.V..

Project Status

Project Coordinator

Jan Ludzay

Head of the Refining and Product Application Department

Nadine Ludzay

Coordination

Sponsor

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)