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DGMK-Project Lubricants

Interactions Between Surface Active Additives and the Effect on the Wear Protection of Rolling Bearings

Duration
2022 bis 2024 (30 Monate, geplant)
Research Center
MSE – Institut für Maschinenelemente und Systementwicklung der RWTH Aachen: Prof. Dr. Georg Jacobs, Dr. Florian König
GFE Gemeinschaftslabor für Elektronenmikroskopie der RWTH Aachen: Prof. Dr. Joachim Mayer, Dr. Silvia Richter
IGF Plan
22309 N
Reason and Goal

Appropriate lubrication enables the efficient and safe operation of rolling bearings. In practice, additives added to the lubricant fulfil specific tasks in order to meet increasing demands on machine components. Polar additive groups such as wear and corrosion protection additives function in each case by interacting with tribologically stressed surfaces. Therefore, competition or synergies are possible on the surface, which leads to additive combinations that are sometimes incompatible or ineffective for the application. For this reason, a singular consideration of the respective additive group is not sufficient. The aim of this project is therefore to determine the sensitivity of the effectiveness with regard to the composition of a combined wear and corrosion protection additive in lubricating oils. Furthermore, it is necessary to identify interactions of additves in the lubricant, and surface competition in the formation of boundary layers by analysing the structure, durability and protective effect of boundary layers.

Summary

The project includes experimental investigations of combined wear and corrosion protection additives in oil-lubricated rolling bearings. By evaluating the wear behaviour as a function of the oil composition, the sensitivity of the effectiveness of combined wear and corrosion protection additives can be determined, whereby selected operating parameters of the rolling bearings are systematically varied. By accompanying microanalyses of the structure, durability and protective effect of the resulting additive-based boundary layers, interactions of the additive groups can be evaluated. Overall, a model of the combined boundary layer structure of wear and corrosion protection additives is derived. Furthermore, suitable additive combinations for an optimised boundary layer formation are identified.

Status

Der Zuwendungsbescheid des BMWK liegt vor. Das Vorhaben wurde zum 1. März 2022 gestartet.

Institut für Maschinenelemente und Systementwicklung der RWTH Aachen / GFE Gemeinschaftslabor für Elektronenmikroskopie der RWTH

Project Status

Project Chairperson

Dr. Axel Figge

Chairman

CARL BECHEM GMBH
Hagen

Project Coordinator

Jan Ludzay

Head of the Refining and Product Application Department

Nadine Ludzay

Coordination Refining and Product Application

Promotion

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Klimaschutz