Technical Committee Drilling Technology
Investigation on the Improvement in Efficiency of Milling Applications in Drilling Engineering
A drilling test rig for model scale milling was designed and optimized. Extensive tests were
conducted with the aid of the model scale drilling test rig. These tests showed that the common
cutting theories of metal machining can also be used for optimizing the casing milling process
in the field. The first tests were performed with conventional inserts. Care was taken to the fact
that the geometry of the inserts attached on the laboratory milling tool were almost identical to
those used in the field. In addition to the common design, even inserts with a modified rake
angle and made from special tungsten carbide were tested. All test were documented by using
a high speed camera to evaluate the cutting process and chip development in detail.
Tens of casing milling tests have been successfully conducted with the casing milling test rig at the institute using conventional and FHP-inserts. Test results confirm that longer chips are formed and produced at high rotational speeds. According to the available test results, shorter chips were observed at lower rotational speeds, but the insert wear trend was observed to be relatively higher at lower rotational speeds compared to higher rotational speeds. The trend of the insert wear increases with increasing the forward velocity for all rotational speeds. The FHP-insert with the cobalt content of 10% showed to be wear resistant compared to the conventional insert. Furthermore, innovative ideas for improving the milling process have been described and feasibility studies have been started.